Read e-book online Nicotine (Drugs: the Straight Facts) PDF

By Heather Lehr Wagner

ISBN-10: 0791072649

ISBN-13: 9780791072646

Nicotine covers the historical past of tobacco cultivation and use, and the present attitudes that encompass smoking. This name explains nicotine's results on neurochemical pathways, in addition to the wellbeing and fitness dangers linked to smoking. This name is part of the medication: The immediately proof sequence, which appears to supply undemanding info on probably the most extensively abused components.

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Additional info for Nicotine (Drugs: the Straight Facts)

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This means that clear links have been established between exposure to ETS and the development of cancer in humans. In addition to links to lung cancer, ETS has also been associated with an increased risk of heart disease in nonsmokers. Statistics underline this risk. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reports that ETS causes approximately 3,000 lung cancer deaths annually among adult nonsmokers, as well as an estimated 62,000 deaths from coronary heart disease. In children, ETS contributes to their having more frequent and more severe asthma attacks, as well as lower-respiratory tract SMOKING: The Rest of the Story In a study of 557 high school students 13 to 19 years old, researchers found several important differences between smokers and nonsmokers: • Smokers were two times more likely to have suffered from daily coughing spells for more than three months.

1994 FDA announces plans to regulate nicotine as a drug. 1998 Tobacco industry reaches settlement worth $246 billion. 2000 Supreme Court rules FDA does not have authority to regulate tobacco. ) The tobacco companies ultimately agreed to a $349 million settlement. In 1995, another class-action lawsuit was filed, this one was Castano et al. v. the American Tobacco Co. et al. The suit charged the tobacco industry with deceiving the public about nicotine’s addictiveness. The Ligett Group agreed in March 1996 to a settlement, but the suit ended only two months later, when a federal appeals panel dismissed the case, agreeing that the potential number of plaintiffs (persons bringing suit, thought to be more than 90 million current and future smokers) to the suit made it impossible to manage.

There is one type of neurotransmitter, called acetylcholine (or ACh), which plays a critical role in your body’s functioning. It plays a key role in the nervous system’s regulation of involuntary body processes—actions like regulating your heart rate—and it helps carry messages from one part of the brain to another. Nicotine can copy ACh; any receptors that are geared to respond to ACh respond to nicotine as well. In this way, nicotine can spark the release of other neurotransmitters— neurotransmitters that are normally released in response to the presence of ACh.

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Nicotine (Drugs: the Straight Facts) by Heather Lehr Wagner

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